The following are eight non-cognitive characteristics predictive of academic success in college (Sedlacek, 2004):
- Positive Self-Concept: The confidence that leads to the determination to succeed.
- Realistic Self-Appraisal: The ability to accurately assess your own strenghts and weaknesses and to use this assessment to further your own development.
- Successful Navigation of the System: Knowing how to access resources and how to use the system to help you achieve your goals.
- Preference for Long-Term Goals: Knowing how to set and achieve long-term goals, delay gratification, and persevere in spite of obstacles.
- Availability of a Strong Support Person: Finding someone to confer advice, particularly in times of crisis.
- Leadership Experience: Having the ability to organize and influence others.
- Community Involvement: Being involved in a community.
- Knowledge Acquired in and about a Field: Having the explicit and implicit knowledge of a particular field of study.